Callouses form as a result of friction causing an area of the skin to thicken to protect itself. Calluses can be painful but usually are not; however, they can cause discomfort depending on size and location. Treatment becomes necessary when the thickened skin is painful.
Callus frequently appear on the feet, the hands, and other parts of the body that is susceptible to stress caused by friction. Foot calluses most often appear on the heel, sole of the foot and the toe area. These areas endure most of the stress from routine daily activities such as standing and walking.
The most common cause of calluses is poor fitting shoes. Additionally, foot arches that do not function properly are highly susceptible to calluses. People with flat feet or high arches are prone to calluses as their feet disproportionately distribute weight as they stand, walk or run.
Although very common, it is not recommended that Calluses should be trimmed with the use of a knife or razor. This especially applies to diabetics as it could lead to more serious complications, including infections.
Routinely, Orthotic Arch Support Insoles are recommended to correct foot imbalance. The Orthotics help to align the feet to help evenly distribute weight distribution. Insoles that absorb shock as well as offer arch support are best as they help to take pressure off the effected areas. Women should refrain from wearing high heels.
Several brands of fine quality Orthotic Arch Supports are available at reasonable prices. Superfeet offers an Orthotic Arch Support made especially for high heels, the EZ Fit Arch Supports for High Heels.
Spenco offers a wide variety of Orthotic Arch Support Insoles from Regular Orthotics with a firm arch support in full or 3/4 length to a soft arch support Insole intended for people who have high arches and need arch cushioning instead of a firm arch support.
Sof Sole offers the Graphite Performance Insoles and the Custom Performance Insoles, both offering different but effective solutions for Orthotic Arch Support Insoles with cushioning and anti-friction top cloths.